Terminology

Chiaroscuro
A word borrowed from Italian (“light and shade” or “dark”) referring to the modeling of volume by depicting light and shade by contrasting them boldly. It also describes a particular woodcutting process (chiaroscuro woodcut) in which tone blocks (usually in lighter and darker colours) are overprinted to obtain a coloured print

Chromolithography
A lithographic process using several stones or plates — one for each color, printed in register. The result is color prints, to be distinguished from colored prints that have the color hand-applied after printing.

Collagraph
The print resulting from a collage of materials glued together on a base and printed as a combined relief and intaglio plate.

Colophon
The logo of a printer or publisher. Or an inscription page sometimes found at the end of a book, noting information about the design of the book. This information might identify the font, paper, or bookbinding.

Crayon
Traditionally, any drawing material made in stick form, including chalk, pastel, conté crayons, charcoal, lithographic and other grease crayons, as well as wax crayons. Various types of crayon are used in printmaking, the greasy lithographic crayon is made with a natural grease or a chemical.

Deckle edge
The rough edge of handmade paper formed in a deckle.

Dadaism
An early twentieth century art movement which ridiculed contemporary culture and traditional art forms. The movement was formed to prove the bankruptcy of existing style of artistic expression rather than to promote a particular style itself. It was born as a consequence of the collapse during World War I of social and moral values which had developed to that time. Dada artists produced works which were nihilistic or reflected a cynical attitude toward social values, and, at the same time, irrational — absurd and playful, emotive and intuitive, and often cryptic.